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State and Nation

Throughout history, humankind has worked to define forms of human organization to ensure civil coexistence. They have evolved over the centuries. The modern nation state is a relatively recent concept, arising only in the past three hundred years.​
A nation is a community that shares a set of common values: language, norms, tradition, customs, and religion. Historically nations were defined by an individual's place of birth.
The State is a form of human association distinguished for its purpose–– the establishment of order and security; its methods, the laws and their enforcement; its territory, the area of jurisdiction or geographic boundaries; and finally by its sovereignty.
State and nation are therefore two different concepts: the state implies the existence of an organized political body which exercises power over citizens of a nation, and to which the citizens confer power.